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Oak Woodland Habitat

Oak Woodland

In this habitat, plants are mostly oak trees, 20-60 ft. tall. Coastal live oak is the #1 species. A few grasses and shrubs appear in between the trees. In Poway, oak woodland grows in valleys and north-facing sides of hills and canyons, receiving 15-30 inches of rain per year, most in the winter months. Much of the water is lost through runoff. The area thrives in hot summers.

The valley floors are filled with erosional material from adjacent slopes. Water from well-drained hillsides accumulates in the soil of the valley floor. As a result, the conditions favor the growth of oaks and grasses rather than the development of dense chaparral shrubs.

Photos of plants | Photos of Animals

Plants of this Habitat:

Coast Live Oak – Quercus agrifolia
Engelmann Oak – Quercus engelmannii
Elderberry (Blue) – Sambucus mexicana
Poison Oak (really a sumac)- Toxicodendron diversilobum
Basket Bush (looks like poison oak)- Rhus trilobata
Foothill Needle Grass – Stripa lepida or Nasella lepida

Animals of this habitat:

Reptiles and Amphibians
Arboreal Salamander- Aneides lugubris
Western Toad- Bufo boreas
Western Skink- Eumeces skiltonianus
Western Rattlesnake- Crotalus viridis

Birds
Acorn Woodpecker- Melanerpes formicivorus
Mourning Dove- Zenaida macroura
Northern or Common Flicker- Colaptes auratus
White-breasted Nuthatch- Sitta carolinensis
Spotted Towhee- Pipilo maculatus
Yellow-rumped Warbler- Dendroica coronata

Mammals
Opossum- Didelphis virginiana
Gray Fox- Urucyon cinereoargenteus
Striped Skunk- Mephitis mephitis
Botta’s Pocket Gopher- Thomomys bottae
Raccoon- Procyon lotor
Mule Deer- Odocoileus hemionus